Magazine & Journal Articles

"Emelius W. Fuller: 'The King of the Swamp'", North & South, Ser. 2, Vol. 3, No. 2, October 2022.

Profile of Louisiana ship captain Emelius W. Fuller. Briefly details his antebellum career, his ownership of 22 enslaved persons, his recruitment of soldiers to man a privateer, his command of the Confederate gunboats J.A. Cotton and Queen of the West, and his ultimate death as a prisoner of war.

"Postwar Identity Crisis of the Confederate Navy's Officer Corps", US Military History Review, Vol. 8, No. 1, Fall 2022. (Cover Article)

Peer Reviewed article examining postwar activities undertaken by Confederate naval officers to cope with their loss of the US Civil War. Such activity included filibustering, foreign exile, foreign military and naval service, movement to the Pacific coastline, and fighting to shape the war's memory in postwar writings and lobbying as part of naval veterans' organizations.

"Communications Afloat: Signal Flags, Lights, and Identification Markings of Civil War Naval Vessels", Civil War Navy, Vol. 10, No. 2, Fall 2022. (Cover Article)

Magazine article examining communication and identification systems used in the US Civil War by naval forces including signal flags, identification markings, and signal lights.

"New Orleans' Floating Battery Duo", Civil War Navy, Vol. 10, No. 1, Summer 2022.

Magazine article examining the Confederate floating batteries New Orleans and Memphis, including the involvement of the floating battery New Orleans in the Island Number Ten campaign of 1862.

"Creuzbaur's Revolutionary Confederate Ironclad Avenger", Civil War Navy, Vol. 9, No. 3, Winter 2022.

Magazine article examining the Confederate ironclad proposed by Robert Creuzbaur, its innovative weapons and engineering systems, and why the vessel was never constructed.

"Association of Survivors of the Confederate States Navy: Battle for a Pro-Confederate Naval Memory", Civil War Navy, Vol. 9, No. 2, Fall 2021.

Magazine article examining the Confederate Navy veterans organization and its impact in helping to shape memory of the Civil War.

"Crisis in Command at New Orleans", Civil War Navy, Vol. 8, No. 4, Spring 2021. (Cover Article)

Magazine article examining the numerous organizations involved in providing a naval defense of New Orleans in 1862, and how the many organizations impacted defense preparations, supply, manpower, and naval operations in the 1862 campaigns for control of the Crescent City.

"George N. Hollins and the Defense of the Mississippi", North & South, Ser. 2, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2020.

Magazine article examining the role of Captain George N. Hollins and his performance as commander of the Confederacy's Mississippi River Naval Squadron in the first year of the U.S. Civil War.

"USS Pittsburg or USS Pittsburgh?", Civil War Navy, Vol. 8, No. 1, Summer 2020.

Magazine article examining the USS Pittsburg, a Civil War ironclad and the controversy that has surrounded how the vessel's name is spelled.

"Confederate Evacuation of New Madrid, Civil War Navy, Vol. 7, No. 3, Winter 2020.

Magazine article examining efforts by the Confederacy's Mississippi River Naval Squadron to cooperate with military forces in the Island Number Ten campaign in 1862.

"William S. Lovell: Confederate Army Riverine Expert", Civil War Navy, Vol. 6, No. 3, Winter 2019.

Magazine article examining efforts by Lt. Col. William S. Lovell, PACS, to convert, outfit, and operate war-steamers on the Mississippi River in the first half of the U.S. Civil War.

"The Confederacy's Lake Pontchartrain Naval Squadron: A Cooperative Defense of the Coastal Approaches to New Orleans, 1861-1862", Louisiana History, Vol. 59, No. 2, Spring 2018. (Cover Article)

Peer Reviewed article examining the cooperative steps taken by the Confederacy's military and naval forces to maintain control of coastal Louisiana and Mississippi from the summer of 1861 to the spring of 1862.


"Controlling the California Gold Steamers: The Panama Route in the United States Civil War", UCLA Historical, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2017.

Peer Reviewed article examining the efforts by the United States and the Confederacy to gain control over the Panama Route and the shipments of bullion shipped from California to New York.


"A Series of International Incidents: The Transatlantic Odyssey of the Confederate Ironclad Stonewall", TRAVERSEA, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2015.

Peer Reviewed article examining efforts by the Confederacy to put a European-built ironclad warship to sea, United States efforts to interfere, and international implications.

"Pelican Gunboats: The Louisiana State Navy and the Defense of Confederate New Orleans", Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. 40, No. 2, Spring/Summer 2015. (Cover Article)

Peer Reviewed article examining the formation, organization, and operations of Louisiana's naval forces during the first year of the U.S. Civil War


"The Louisiana State Navy in the Civil War", Clio's Quill, Vol. 17, No.1, 2014-2015.

Peer Reviewed article examining how Louisiana's naval forces participated in the campaigns for control of New Orleans in 1862.