Magazine & Journal Articles

"Treasure and Empire: Civil War Campaigns to Control America's Mineral Wealth", North & South, Series II, Vol. 4, No. 3, May 2024.

Magazine article providing an overview of information form my book Treasure and Empire in the Civil War: The Panama Route, the West and the Campaigns to Control America's Mineral Wealth.

"CSS McRae's Secret Cancelled European Mission", Civil War Navy, Vol. 11, No. 3, Winter 2024.

Magazine article exploring the secret mission proposed for the Confederate war steamer McRae in 1861 to reach England and convoy a flotilla of merchant ships packed with weapons to arm Confederate armies. See what the mission was and why it was cancelled.

"The Ungentlemanly Porter-Miller Exchange", Civil War Navy, Vol. 10, No. 4, Spring 2023.

Magazine article exploring the tense and harsh exchange of letters between US Navy Commander William D. Porter and Confederate ship commander Marsh Miller in early 1862.

"Annual Freshet Impacts on 1862's Mississippi River Campaigns: Climate, Geography, and Adjustments Amidst Civil War Riverine Operations", The Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. 58, No. 1, Winter 2023.

Peer reviewed article examining how the Mississippi River valley reaches flood stage each spring thanks to melting snows and how this annual freshet significantly impacted how riverine operations were organized and conducted in 1862 during the US Civil War.

"Ship Island, Mississippi: Versatile Key to the Gulf", Civil War Navy, Vol. 10, No. 3, Winter 2023.

Magazine article exploring Ship Island, a critically located barrier island in the Gulf of Mexico. Briefly occupied by Confederacy in 1861, the island was used as a staging point for US operations against New Orleans and Mobile, served as a blockading squadron repair yard, operated as a military prison, and was a proving ground for African American soldiers.

"Emelius W. Fuller: 'The King of the Swamp'", North & South, Ser. 2, Vol. 3, No. 2, October 2022.

Magazine article profiling Louisiana ship captain Emelius W. Fuller. Briefly details his antebellum career, his ownership of 22 enslaved persons, his recruitment of soldiers to man a privateer, his command of the Confederate gunboats J.A. Cotton and Queen of the West, and his ultimate death as a prisoner of war.

"Postwar Identity Crisis of the Confederate Navy's Officer Corps", US Military History Review, Vol. 8, No. 1, Fall 2022. (Cover Article)

Peer Reviewed article examining postwar activities undertaken by Confederate naval officers to cope with their loss of the US Civil War. Such activity included filibustering, foreign exile, foreign military and naval service, movement to the Pacific coastline, and fighting to shape the war's memory in postwar writings and lobbying as part of naval veterans' organizations.

"Communications Afloat: Signal Flags, Lights, and Identification Markings of Civil War Naval Vessels", Civil War Navy, Vol. 10, No. 2, Fall 2022. (Cover Article)

Magazine article examining communication and identification systems used in the US Civil War by naval forces including signal flags, identification markings, and signal lights.

"New Orleans' Floating Battery Duo", Civil War Navy, Vol. 10, No. 1, Summer 2022.

Magazine article examining the Confederate floating batteries New Orleans and Memphis, including the involvement of the floating battery New Orleans in the Island Number Ten campaign of 1862.

"Creuzbaur's Revolutionary Confederate Ironclad Avenger", Civil War Navy, Vol. 9, No. 3, Winter 2022.

Magazine article examining the Confederate ironclad proposed by Robert Creuzbaur, its innovative weapons and engineering systems, and why the vessel was never constructed.

"Association of Survivors of the Confederate States Navy: Battle for a Pro-Confederate Naval Memory", Civil War Navy, Vol. 9, No. 2, Fall 2021.

Magazine article examining the Confederate Navy veterans organization and its impact in helping to shape memory of the Civil War.

"Crisis in Command at New Orleans", Civil War Navy, Vol. 8, No. 4, Spring 2021. (Cover Article)

Magazine article examining the numerous organizations involved in providing a naval defense of New Orleans in 1862, and how the many organizations impacted defense preparations, supply, manpower, and naval operations in the 1862 campaigns for control of the Crescent City.

"George N. Hollins and the Defense of the Mississippi", North & South, Ser. 2, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2020.

Magazine article examining the role of Captain George N. Hollins and his performance as commander of the Confederacy's Mississippi River Naval Squadron in the first year of the U.S. Civil War.

"USS Pittsburg or USS Pittsburgh?", Civil War Navy, Vol. 8, No. 1, Summer 2020.

Magazine article examining the USS Pittsburg, a Civil War ironclad and the controversy that has surrounded how the vessel's name is spelled.

"Confederate Evacuation of New Madrid, Civil War Navy, Vol. 7, No. 3, Winter 2020.

Magazine article examining efforts by the Confederacy's Mississippi River Naval Squadron to cooperate with military forces in the Island Number Ten campaign in 1862.

"William S. Lovell: Confederate Army Riverine Expert", Civil War Navy, Vol. 6, No. 3, Winter 2019.

Magazine article examining efforts by Lt. Col. William S. Lovell, PACS, to convert, outfit, and operate war-steamers on the Mississippi River in the first half of the U.S. Civil War.

"The Confederacy's Lake Pontchartrain Naval Squadron: A Cooperative Defense of the Coastal Approaches to New Orleans, 1861-1862", Louisiana History, Vol. 59, No. 2, Spring 2018. (Cover Article)

Peer Reviewed article examining the cooperative steps taken by the Confederacy's military and naval forces to maintain control of coastal Louisiana and Mississippi from the summer of 1861 to the spring of 1862.

"Controlling the California Gold Steamers: The Panama Route in the United States Civil War", UCLA Historical, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2017.

Peer Reviewed article examining the efforts by the United States and the Confederacy to gain control over the Panama Route and the shipments of bullion shipped from California to New York.

"A Series of International Incidents: The Transatlantic Odyssey of the Confederate Ironclad Stonewall", TRAVERSEA, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2015.

Peer Reviewed article examining efforts by the Confederacy to put a European-built ironclad warship to sea, United States efforts to interfere, and international implications.

"Pelican Gunboats: The Louisiana State Navy and the Defense of Confederate New Orleans", Journal of America's Military Past, Vol. 40, No. 2, Spring/Summer 2015. (Cover Article)

Peer Reviewed article examining the formation, organization, and operations of Louisiana's naval forces during the first year of the U.S. Civil War

"The Louisiana State Navy in the Civil War", Clio's Quill, Vol. 17, No.1, 2014-2015.

Peer Reviewed article examining how Louisiana's naval forces participated in the campaigns for control of New Orleans in 1862.